My latest post is up on the Stanford Social Innovation Review – you can read it and join the conversation at SSIR or read the repost below.


I’ve been thinking about slacktivism a lot lately. I recently did a guest lecture at The New School on the topic, I’ve had countless conversations with colleagues and friends, and I’ve been capturing ideas and questions to myself on scraps of paper everywhere. Slacktivism, to me, comes down to two crucial points: 1) organizations play an important role in creating and endorsing the level to which people take action, and 2) “slacker activism” is really a gateway to more lasting change. My guest lecture notes cover the first point, and today I want to share a few ideas about slacktivism as a gateway to change.

Call and Response

Some consider Facebook likes and retweets as examples of slacktivism, but we can also view those actions as people raising their hands or signing on with the message that they are here, they are listening, and they are ready to respond. Organizations are putting out calls, and the community is responding. It’s just a matter of shaping your call to action well. Katya Andresen has a great post about some of the “essential elements to a strong call to action.” But I want to add a few more elements that can help change organizations’ calls for response into actual calls to action:

  • Create opportunities that people can personalize. There’s no engagement quite the same as having responses include personal messages, pictures, videos, or even re-worded messages.
  • Create opportunities with multiple levels of action. There’s nothing wrong with asking people to simply share a message, so long as you’re also providing opportunities for others in the network who are willing to do more.
  • Create opportunities for taking action that bridge online and offline, and start moving people on both sides of the computer.

Getting Offline

I’ve had many people tell me that the Internet is ruining society, community, family, and everything else. I personally don’t believe that. I’ve worked with communities to build online spaces where people of all ages, accessibility, and interests can come together to share, learn, and more directly build a community that they can take offline. I’ve also worked with an organization that has created an online portal that helps connect teachers to content about global issues they can use in their class, and that gives students opportunities to take action and to connect with other students around the world.

Those who have worked on organizing and engaging communities will know firsthand that you can’t get people to take action until they feel that they understand the issue, have access to key information, and trust that their action will make a difference. Online connections with organizations and causes can help expose people to information about issues in a much richer, more dynamic, and more accessible (not to mention more scalable) way. That said, we need to make sure we remember that online connections are about more than just getting information.

A recent study from University of California’s Humanities Research Institute, backed by MacArthur Foundation, involved more than 2,500 high school students (the study followed some students for up to 3.5 years!) and “found that younger Internet users become more socially engaged in the real world, not just online.”

Youth engagement in interest-driven online communities was associated with increased volunteer and charity work, and in increased work with others on community issues. The Internet can serve as a gateway to online and offline civic and political engagement, including volunteerism, community problem-solving, and protest activity.

And, as Matthew Ingram posted recently, “A study from the Pew Research Center earlier this year found that being active in social networks and other community-related activities online makes it more likely you will be involved with similar groups and activities in the offline world as well.”

So, what are you doing to connect your online community with offline actions? How are you building information and action into your communications and online engagement? What have you tried that didn’t work or what do you want to try but haven’t yet?

(As I continue to put my thoughts together about slacktivism in the nonprofit and social impact space, I’m looking next at the impact of location and hyperlocal content on slacktivism and engagement.)

Can’t wait to hear your thoughts!

New on SSIR: Slacktivism, the gateway to change?
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  • I view ‘Slacktivism’ as ‘Micro-Activism’ – every action counts – I also read a brilliant article on the same topic about M-A and how these clicktivists are the marketing and advertisment for charities, they get the word out there via likes, retweets etc to people who will/are able to commit more/put in more effort.

    For some, Micro-Activism is all they can do, they care but due to other responsiblities such as full on jobs or children, they can’t dedicate time to personal interests and causes.

    Interesting post 🙂

    • Anonymous

      Thanks for your comment, Hazel – I love the “micro activism” term as it’s
      far more positive! Plus, it implies it’s really all adding up.

      How have you engaged in micro activism and have you experienced
      organizations endorsing the micro actions as well as bigger ones?

      • To answer both questions with one example :p

        Japanese Red Cross asks for as little as 100 yen (just 76p) for a donation, which is what I’d call a micro-activism (I count one off donations as micro-activism as it’s just one gesture no matter how much the amount and continuing monthly payments as consistent activism). I’m sure there are many more, and organisations I think should realise that micro-activists are brilliant free advertisement and promotion, sort of like head hunters for the people that can commit that extra time to being an activist for their company.

        My most recent act of micro-activism was joining a ‘support Japan with a click’ facebook group, posting that link on my wall, inviting friends to the group, sharing the link on twitter and writing a blog post about it. ( To give the summary, this is a very impressive example of clicktivism – currently 2.5 million users have joined the group – if just 1% of them donate £5 – that one facebook page has raised £125,000 just through people ‘liking’ the group and sharing the link.

        I also count micro-activism as promoting good karma in general like operation beautiful (, it doesn’t have to be to raise money – just to fulfil a personal or charitable goal.

        • Great example with the Red Cross Hazel. I think there’s a lot to be said for micro-activism as a fund-raising mechanism. It may be a bit shallow overall, but as long as they can feel better and benefit the org it’s a drop in the right bucket and we’ll take the money.
          With any luck it feels so good they take the next step and actually get involved, reach deeper and get committed to moving towards social good in an engaged and active fashion.

          • Thanks for replying 🙂

            Not only that but micro-activism is a vent for those that can’t do anything more than low engagement:
            1. Due to work, uni, and/or family people might not have the time to commit to volunteering or events.
            2. The Micro-activist might be too far away from an event or it might be hard to get to without the proper transport.
            3. They might not be able to donate due to lack of funds but still want to help.
            4. Even though they know it’s morally good to pass on a certain link, they may genuinely not be interested in the cause.
            5. Physically disabled micro-activists might make it hard to help out or social aniexty will make it impossible to be around other people.
            6. Micro-activists might have a lack of information about the causes they want to help due to a number of reasons.
            7. Might just genuinely be too nervous to help out, micro-activism online builds their confidence to get more invovled.

            In my view – people saying micro-activists are lazy, are calling the hard-working, the stay at home, possibly lone, unsupported parents, the poor, the socially anxious, the willing – lazy. It’s de-moralising.

            “It is the greatest of all mistakes to do nothing because you can only do little – do what you can.”
            Sydney Smith.

            Sorry for the long reply!